The Cutting Edge of OutlierThinking. Looking at OutlierMentalModels, OutlierTeams, OutlierLeadership, OutlierLearning, and the Almost Unfair advantages that it can give the few who understand them. In 2015 the World Bank were drawing attention to the massive power of Mental Models. However, their studies only scratched the surface of the real power, and how it can be used. But as any powerful tool, it can be used for both good, and bad. Fortunately, the biggest potential lies in the use for good.